Cui placet Deus, ille placet Deo     King of Glory     
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515 Among the prayers recited in private or in public, there is no one more appealing than the very one which Our Lord himself taught us,       the Pater.    

We find at first an  insinuating exordium  that puts us under the stare of God and wins our confidence :    Pater noster, qui es in caelis. The first thing to do when we pray is to draw close to God ; now the word of    Father    puts us right away in the presence of The One who is pre-eminently our Father , the Father of the Word by generation , our Father by adoption : it is therefore the God of the Trinity revealing Himself to us , wrapping us with the same love with which He wraps his Son ; and , as this Father is in heaven , i.e. all powerful and the source of all graces , we feel carried to call upon Him with an absolute confidence , since we are of the family of God, all brothers , therefore all children of God :    Pater noster      . . .

516 Then comes  the object   of the prayer : we ask   for all    that we can wish and    in the order     where we must wish it :

  1. above all ,    its main goal   , the glory of God ;    " hallowed be thy name "     , i.e. recognized , proclaimed holy ;

  2. then the   secondary end   , the increase of the reign of God   within us    which prepares our entry in the kingdom of heaven ,
      " thy kingdom come "  ;

  3.    the essential means    to reach this double end , which is the conformity to the divine will :
      " thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven "  

    Then come    the secondary means   , that belong to the second part of the    Pater    ;

  4. the     positive means   , our everyday bread , bread for the body and bread for the soul , both necessary for our sustenance and progress ;    " Give us this day our daily bread , " 

  5. finally the    negative means   , including :

    1.    the remission of sin   , the only true evil , sin that is forgiven to us insofar as we forgive the same :
       " and forgive our trespasses , as we forgive those who trespass against us "  ;

    2. the distancing / removing from trials and temptations    where we would succumb ;   " And lead us not into temptation  " 

    3. and finally our   distancing from all types of evils  , be it physical or of miseries of life , when they become an obstacle to our sanctification :   " but deliver us from evil. Amen. "   

Magnificent prayer , if any , since the whole of it points to the glory of God , yet simple and within everyone's grasp , since , while glorifying God , we ask for all that is the most useful to us . This is why the Fathers and the Saints were so pleased to comment on it , and the Catechism of the council of Trente gives of it ample explanation .

517 The prayer is such a powerful tool of sanctififcation that the Saints have repeated in emulation this proverb :    
" That one can live well who can pray well ". 
Ille recte novit vivere qui recte novit orare .

Prayer produces three marvellous effects indeed :
1 It detaches us from creatures
2 it completely links us with God
3 it gradually transforms us into Him ..............

Precise of Ascetic and Mystical Theology. Ad Tanqueray.

See also :   The Catechism of the Catholic Church of the Second Oecumenic Council of the Vatican     , Page 559 :

2759 The Lord's Prayer   Our Father . . .

2763 The Lord's Prayer is the most perfect of all prayers.... In it we ask , not only for all the things that we can rightly desire , but also in the sequence where they should be sollicited. So that this prayer not only teaches us how to ask , but it also shapes our whole affectivity   - -   S. Thomas d’A., s. th. 2-2, 83, 9

2764   The rightness of our life in him will depend on the rightness of our prayer.